On October 12, 1492, Christopher Columbus believed he had reached the so-called Indies of Asia. The following explorers of the New World understood that the Italian had made landfall on an unknown continent, full of human and natural resources that would be favorable for the European economy. It was around the 16th century when the missionary Bartolomé de las Casas denounced the enslavement of the Indians, advocated for the rights of the natives and reported to the king of Spain how the original culture was destroyed.
The women who live in the rural communities of the native peoples fulfil functions of great importance in the life cycle of their population. They participate in agricultural activities, and animal husbandry, are cooks, weavers, merchants, healers, midwives, mothers, and wives and help organize all the traditional religious ceremonies that include funerals and subsequent rituals.
On November 2, 1983, President Ronald Reagan decreed the creation of Martin Luther King Jr. Day in the United States. The first states applied it since 1986 and as of January 17, 2000 it is officially celebrated in the 50 states of the country. It is thus marked by the anniversary of his birth and by legal procedure of non-working days, it is celebrated on the third Monday of January of each year.